Why is there a Government Shutdown?
Since December 22nd of last year, the US government has been on a shutdown. This occurs when the government enters a gridlock in which no legislation is being passed almost exclusively due to negotiation failures between the executive and legislative branches of government. In this case, President Donald Trump was not able to settle a bill about federal government spending in the 2019 year because the proposed bill had little mention of his famous political promise: the wall. This has caused for federal buildings, departments and agencies to put a hold on all non essential duties, affecting about 800,000 employees.
The bill that was initially passed through both the Senate and House, but it didn’t include appropriations for a US-Mexico border wall. Many right-winged outlets subsequently criticized the bill and Trump for his inefficacious flimsiness. As a result, Trump declared he would not sign a bill that did not include federal funding for the wall. However, with the new Democrat-majority House, the bill with funding for the wall is not being passed. Trump is continuing to veto any bill that does not include funding for the wall.
This has been the second US government shutdown during Trump’s tenure and the longest in history. On January 4th, after being sworn-in, Speaker of the House, Nancy Pelosi and Senate minority-leader Chuck Schumer, along with Republican leadership, went to the White House. They all demanded that the President needed to end the shutdown, but it is reported that Trump refused. Currently, the two political parties are going back and forth on a compromise, but those negotiations have yet to bear any real fruit.